Reasons for Abstinence

October 2004: 4 Abstinence Articles

SIECUS: Afraid of Virgins and Marriage? Abstinence Education Reduces Abortion Numbers Young Adults Bored with Sexual Advertising Sex & Drug Use Linked to Suicide – Abstinence Protects Health…     SIECUS: AFRAID OF VIRGINS AND MARRIAGE? – The radical Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) gathered again to discredit abstinence education at a briefing in the United States capitol. This year’s theme was fear. The outcome of the meeting was that SIECUS is afraid of virgins, marriage, and the truth about sexual activity. During the briefing a few abstinence curricula were slandered as being fear-based or inaccurate. “SIECUS screams when abstinence educators explain the realistic, inherent limitations of condoms and contraception,” explained Leslee Unruh, president of the Abstinence Clearinghouse, whose Washington, DC, staff attended the briefing. “SIECUS’ contraception-based sex educators would have teens believe that condoms and birth control are ‘highly effective,’ but 20 percent of teens younger than 18 years old who use condoms or contraception will become pregnant after their first year of sexual activity. This is not fear, it is reality. Moreover, there is no epidemiological evidence that condoms can prevent many of the STDs.” (1), (2) According to handouts given at the briefing, SIECUS’ Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality Education, K-12 include information on “abstinence” and over 30 other topics. Topics in the guidelines, but not found abstinence education include: • ages 5 through 8 to be taught about self touch and arousal; • ages 9 through 12 to be taught different ways to seek sexual pleasure other than intercourse; and • ages 16 through 18 to be taught about exotic fantasies enhanced...

CDC Report Says Abstinence the Best Way to Prevent HPV (2/04)

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has issued a new report saying that abstinence is the best way to prevent the transmission of the sexually transmitted disease human papillomavirus (HPV). The agency also said the use of condoms is not as effective as abstinence. “The surest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitteddiseases, including HPV, is to refrain from genital [and oral-genital] contact. The use of condoms should not be a substitute for routine screening with Pap tests to detect and prevent cervical cancer,” theGeorgia-based federal agency said. Gene Rudd, MD, an OB/GYN physician and the associate director ofthe CMA, said, “It’s heartening to see the CDC correctly report the effectiveness of abstaining from sex and the limitations of condom use in combating this widely spread sexually transmitted disease.” “Condoms simply are not foolproof, and the public needs tounderstand that,” Rudd added. “The medical principle of informedconsent requires that we provide the public with scientificallyaccurate information about sexual disease prevention strategies.The CDC appears to have done so in this case, and we applaud thecandidness of this report.” The CDC report agrees. “While a few studies on genital HPV and condom use showed aprotective effect [using condoms], most studies…did not show a protective effect,” the report says. “The available scientific evidence isnot sufficient to recommend condoms as a primary preventionstrategy for HPV.” President Bush has strongly supported abstinence education andhis efforts to increase funding for it have drawn praise frompro-life advocates. “Each year, about three million teenagers contract sexually transmitted diseases that can harm them, or kill them, or prevent them from ever becoming parents,” Bush has said. “In my...

10 Disadvantages of Contraception

Ten Disadvantages of Contraception* 1. Separates sex from LIFE 2. Fuels the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs/ STIs) 3. Cheapens women (and men) 4. Some methods can cause early abortion 5. Promotes promiscuity 6. Is costly and unhealthy 7. Damages romance 8. Unleases the sex drive 9. Undermines love, marriage, family and society 10.                Damages the human heart and the Whole Person:               emotionally, socially, intellectually, physically, and morally/spiritually (that is, your inner-most being) *Contraception is anything done before, during, or after intercourse to try to prevent (stop) fertilization (which would make a baby). [from Womanity, 1994]   Ten Advantages of Chastity* 1. Keeps sex in the service of love and LIFE 2. Helps prevent HIV/AIDS and other STDs/STIs 3. Protects against sexual harassment 4. Strengthens character 5. Controls lust 6. Gives good example 7. Enhances romance 8. Integrates sexuality into Total Personhood 9. Prepares for marital fidelity 10. Honors the body for its innate value * Chastity is sexual goodness. It is reverence for sexual powers expressed in abstinence for the unmarried and fidelity in marriage for married spouses. It is sexual self-control. [Womanity,...

Ten Good Reasons to Oppose Public School Sex Education

1. The primary teachers of children are their parents. It is their right and responsibility to teach sexual morality to their children. 2. Public school sex ed classes ignore individual differences among children and break down the natural modesty of boys and girls. When children are taught academics, such as math and reading, they are given material suitable to their level of rediness for this material. Yet, when it comes to the extremely sensitive area of sexuality, all children in the same grade level are given the same material, even if some are not yet physically or psychologically ready for the material. This is insensitive and harmful. Forcing boys and girls to listen to, view and openly discuss the sexual functioning of the opposite sex’s anatomy while in their presence is embarrassing and contributes to the breakdown of the modesty that is natural and appropriate in human beings. The Latency Period, a normal psychological period in human development, is completely ignored when these issues are forced on pre-puberty children. This can cause irreparable damage for future psychological development. 3. What is taught behind the closed doors of the sex ed classroom can never be known by parents. Learner outcomes and curriculum objectives do not tell parents the teacher’s words, actions, attitudes, and responses that occur as the sex ed lesson is actually taught. This means there is absolutely no way parents can control — or even find out — what their children are bieng taught about sex unless they sit in the classroom alongside their children for each and every sex lesson. 4. Public school sex has never been...

Early Sexual Activity & Multiple Sex Partners (updated)

The Harmful Effects of Early Sexual Activity and Multiple Sexual Partners Among Women: A Book of Charts Early initiation of sexual activity and higher numbers of non-marital sex partners are linked in turn to a wide variety of negative life outcomes, including increased rates of infection with sexually transmitted diseases, increased rates of out-of-wedlock pregnancy and birth, increased single parenthood, decreased marital stability, increased maternal and child poverty, increased abortion, increased depression, and decreased happiness. This report examines the linkages between early initiation of sexual activity, number of nonmarital sex partners, and human well-being. In general, the earlier a woman begins sexual activity, the greater the number of non-marital sex partners she is likely to have over the course of her life. Open the Book of Charts (pdf) www.heritage.org/Research/Family/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=44695 [www.heritage.org/Research/Family/abstinence_charts.cfm] The study is based on the National Survey of Family Growth, a survey fielded in 1995 to a nationally representative sample of roughly 10,000 women between the ages of 15 and 44, sponsored and funded by the Centers for Disease Control of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Because men are not included in the NSFG, they are not included anywhere in this report. [Robert E. Rector, Kirk A. Johnson, Ph.D., Lauren R. Noyes, Shannan Martin, Executive Summary, June 26, 2003, Heritage Foundation...

If You've Gone "All The Way"

You got really involved on this date and before you knew it, you were having intercourse. You didn't really want to, but you just couldn't stop. It happens all the time. But that doesn't mean it has to keep happening. If you're driving down a road and you realize you're heading the wrong way, you don't keep driving, do you? Of course not! You stop the car, turn around, and head back to the correct road. We all make mistakes; but as humans, we can learn from our mistakes and head our lives in better directions. It's the same way with sex. If you got sexually involved once, or even if you've been sexually active for a while, you don't have to keep going in that direction. You can stop, turn around and go back. Back to a state of sexual abstinence. True, you cannot become a physical  "virgin" again; but you can become a secondary virgin! You can make up your mind that you will not become sexually involved anymore, until you marry that very special person you want to raise your family and grow old with. You are VERY SPECIAL! and even though you have given away a very precious gift, you can stop, take what you have left, go back, and rebuild your sexual self for that special person who will someday come into your life. Why keep worrying about STDs, AIDS, pregnancy and all the rest? Give yourself a brake — stop having sex and start enjoying...

Statutory Rape: The Dirty Secret Behind Teen Sex Numbers

Contrary to the common perception that teenage sex and pregnancy typically stem from two teenagers getting caught up in the heat of the moment, new research reveals that many teenage girls are being sexually exploited and impregnated by adult men. In fact, a study prublished in the American Journal of Public Health [4/1996] found that adult men fathered two-thirds of the infants born to school-aged mothers in California in 1993. On average, these men were 4.2 years older than the senior-high mothers and 6.7 years older than the junior-high mothers.1 Likewise, a review of CA's 1990 vital statistics found that men older than high school age sired 77 percent of all births to high school-aged girls (ages 16-18) and 51 percent of births to junior high school-aged girls (15 and younger). Men over age 25 fathered twice as many teenage births as did boys under age 18, and men over age 20 fathered five times more births to junior high school-aged girls than did junior high school-aged boys. 2 Unfortunately, this phenomenon is not limited to the state of CA. A recent study by the Population Reference Bureau found that about two-thirds of births to teenage girls nationwide are fathered by adult men age 20 or older.3  Additionally, the Alan Guttmacher Institute's 1994 report, "Sex and America's Teenagers", found that six of 10 girls who had sex before age 15 were coerced by males an average of six years their senior.4  The urban Institute cites a study showing that "three quarters of females who had sexual intercourse before age 14 reported having had sex involuntarily".5   That our culture...

Sexually Active Teenagers Are More Likely to Be Depressed and to Attempt Suicide (6/03)

http://www.heritage.org/Research/Family/cda0304.cfm Teenage sexual activity is an issue of wide­spread national concern. Although teen sexual activity has declined in recent years, the overall rate is still high. In 1997, approximately 48 percent of American teenagers of high-school age were or had been sexually active. The problems associated with teen sexual activity are well-known. Every day, 8,000 teen­agers in the United States become infected by a sexually transmitted disease.[1] This year, nearly 3 million teens will become infected. Overall, roughly one-quarter of the nation’s sexually active teens have been infected by a sexually transmitted disease (STD).[2] The problems of pregnancy and out-of-wed­lock childbearing are also severe. In 2000, some 240,000 children were born to girls aged 18 or younger.[3] Nearly all these teenage moth­ers were unmarried. These mothers and their children have an extremely high probability of long-term poverty and welfare dependence. Less widely known are the psychological and emotional problems associated with teen­age sexual activity. The present study exam­ines the linkage between teenage sexual activity and emotional health. The findings show that: When compared to teens who are not sex­ually active, teenage boys and girls who are sexually active are significantly less likely to be happy and more likely to feel depressed. When compared to teens who are not sex­ually active, teenage boys and girls who are sexually active are significantly more likely to attempt suicide. Thus, in addition to its role in promoting teen pregnancy and the current epidemic of STDs, early sexual activity is a substantial fac­tor in undermining the emotional well-being of American teenagers. DATA SOURCE AND METHODSThe data used in this analysis are taken from the National...

Oral Sex & STDs

             Oral Sex and Teenagers Due to understandable sensitivities, there are fewer data available about how common the practice is among teenagers than adults, though anecdotes from educators and counselors suggest that oral sex is becoming common in both middle school and high school, even among many who consider themselves virgins.   In one study of 12- to 15-year-olds, about one of every six students said they had tried oral sex (including many who had never had vaginal sex).1  In a study of senior high students, more than four out of five nonvirgins and one out of five virgins had tried oral sex.2  Teens exposed to drugs and alcohol are particularly likely to try oral sex.3  A dangerous misconception about oral sex is that it’s “safe.” Although pregnancy is not an issue with oral sex, a wide variety of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) can be spread through oral sex. Some of them are painful. Some of them are untreatable. And some of them can be deadly. The Facts About Oral Sex & STDs For much of our culture, oral sex is a taboo topic—something too private and personal to discuss openly—but that silence has resulted in a dangerous lack of knowledge. When it comes to your health, ignorance isn’t bliss. In fact, it can be costly and painful. For the sake of your health and safety, you need to know the risks of oral sex. What Is It? Oral sex is contact of one person’s mouth or tongue with the genitals of another person. Who’s Doing It? Oral sex is fairly common among American adults. In a national survey from...

Americans Fail to Understand the Dangers of STDS (4/04)

Americans Fail to Understand the Dangers of STDS — While 1 in 4 Americans will be infected with an STD – and up to half of younger adults will be – most of those surveyed believed they were not personally at risk.  “The findings in our survey are quite disturbing…it is troubling that there is such a large portion of people who still feel invincible,” said Dr. J. Allen [pres and CEO of ASHA (Amer Social Health Assoc)]. STDs cause a range of long-term problems. HPV, the virus that causes genital warts, is the main cause of cervical cancer, while bacterial infections such as gonorrhea or chlamydia can cause infertility in women. They often have no symptoms and people are often unaware they are infected. Despite not knowing whether their partner had been tested, 93% polled said they were sure their partner did not have an STD. Just over 1 of 3 of those surveyed felt “very knowledgeable” about STDs, compared to 22% who felt they knew a lot about diabetes, asthma or migraines. Sixty-three percent said they were well-informed about the risks associated with sex and 84% said they felt they took the right precautions. But 82% of those who said they were sexually active said they never used protection against STDs for oral sex, 64% never used protection for anal sex and 47 percent never used protection for vaginal sex. Even among single adults, 71 percent used no protection when having oral sex, 42 percent never protected against an STD when having anal sex and 23 percent always had unprotected vaginal sex. STDs including the AIDS virus,...

Sex and Oral / Throat Cancer (6/07)

 Oral sex has been linked to throat cancer in a new study by the New England Journal of Medicine [11May07]. Human papillomavirus (HPV), which can be transmitted during oral sex, is the main cause of oropharyngeal (throat) cancer, researchers found. The study is the first to prove the link. Researchers compared 100 men and women who were recently diagnosed with oral cancer with 200 similar people without the disease. They found that participants who reported having oral sex — fellatio or cunnilingus — with six or more partners were at the highest risk (8.6 times more) of develping throat cancer. "It's the human papillomavirus that drives the cancer," Dr. Maura Gillison, the lead author of the study, told The Globe and Mail. "Health care providers need to know that these cancers can occur in people that don't smoke or drink." Gillison [assist prof, oncology and epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD] said the more oral-sex partners an individual has, the greater the risk is of getting oral cancer. Researchers found that those with HPV infection were 32 times more likely to develop oropharyngeal cancer — regardless of the previously established risk factors of tobacco and alcohol use. While there is no screening test for the cancer, Gillison said the risk is relatively low. "People should be reassured that oropharyngeal cancer is relatively uncommon, and the overwhelming majority of people with an oral HPV infection probably will not get throat cancer," said Gillison. Gardasil, a vaccine that may protect against several strains of HPV, has not been specifically tested in relation to oral cancer. The Tories have set aside $300-million...

DEFINITIONS: LOVE, SEX, ABSTINENCE, SEXUAL ACTIVITY

Abstinence: A person’s calculated decision and deliberate action to refrain from sexual activities, including but not limited to sexual intercourse, oral sex, anal intercourse and mutual masturbation, including frictional rubbing of the genitalia. Abstinence until marriage: The practice of abstinence from sexual activity until a man and a woman are united in the covenant of marriage. Marriage: A lifelong monogamous relationship between a man and a woman that is validated by a mutual vow to each other, before God and others, to remain committed and faithful, to love unconditionally and to remain married until the death of one of the partners. Marriage is recognized in the United States as a legally binding covenant representing a permanent and fruitful relationship between a man and a woman. Research has shown marriage to be the healthiest context for sexual relations and for raising children. Pregnancy: The condition starting at conception (fertilization of the woman’s ovum [egg] by a man’s spermatozoa) which results in one or more developing embryo(s) or baby(ies) in the woman’s body. Sex: The innate characteristic of gender, male or female. 2. Sexual activity, including sexual intercourse. Sexual Activity: Any activity that includes intentional sexual contact of the genitalia, buttocks, breasts or other areas of the body for the purpose of sexual arousal. Sexual Purity: Refraining from all sexual activity before or outside the covenant of marriage. Reserving sexual activity exclusively for one’s spouse. Unconditional Love: Devotion based on commitment and unselfish concern for another person. It freely accepts another in loyalty and seeks his or her good. In sexual relationships, a sexual attachment is formed that adds to the...

Safe Sex (APFLI brochure)

Physicians Series    SAFE SEX   You’ve probably heard a lot of talk about “safe sex” and it may sound great! Here are some medical facts about condoms and “safe sex.” According to a report issued in July 2001 by the National Institutes of Health (NH), there is NO scientific evidence that condoms prevent the transmission of 98% of eight major sexually-transmitted diseases. Condoms were NOT found to provide universal protection against HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, chancroid, trichomoniasis, genital herpes or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Researchers found only two areas of limited condom effectiveness: heterosexual transmission of HIV (only 0.03% of all annual STD cases) and female-to-male transmission of gonorrhea (2% of all STDs occurring annually in the US). (Gonorrhea is a curable, bacterial disease.) The Executive Panel concluded that condoms “could reduce the risk of gonorrhea,” but only “for men.”  The Panel and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) also recognize that condoms do not stop HPV infection. An estimated 20 million Americans are currently infected with genital HPV (warts). HPV is a major cause of nearly all cervical cancer and has also been linked to penile, prostate, anal and oral cancer. While not everyone infected with HPV will develop cancer, every year 15,000 cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed and 5,000 women die from the disease. Hundreds of thousands of other women will be diagnosed and treated for pre-cancerous conditions. If these “real people” were questioned, it may very well be found that they could provide evidence of the inadequacies of condoms in their “real situations”. . . For the remaining five diseases, the Panel noted that...

Sexual Roulette: BE A WINNER!

Definition of Roulette: A game of chance with an uncertain outcome. ABSTINENCE STOPS ABORTION Sexual Roulette is chancing “Safe Sex” with an uncertain outcome. Sexual Roulette decreases “safe sex” odds and increases risks & consequences each time two unmarried partners engage sexually. Sexual Roulette places the woman at greater odds for the chance of pregnancy, child birth, abortion, adoption. Sexual Roulette puts at risk…your virginity…your self-respect…your health…your future…your life. Sexual Roulette’s STD statistics have grown to epidemic proportions since the 1960s Sexual Roulette spins flashbacks of guilt, regret, depression and broken hearts. Sexual Roulette is more a game of losers than winners and is not worth chancing today or your future… Is Sexual Roulette Worth It? The BEST BET is Risk Elimination… Be A Winner –True Love Waits [adapted from Human Life Resource Center, 773-239-6457; IRLC News, Fall...

Secondary Virginity

The dangerous effects of Sexually Transmitted Diseases easily outweigh the momentary benefits of premarital sexual intercourse/ sexual contact.  As physicians, we encourage you to pause and seriously consider all the alternatives & consequences before you begin sexual involvement. If you are sexually involved outside marriage at this time, we urge you to consider Secondary Virginity. Secondary (or Renewed) Virginity allows you to return to the state of sexual abstinence in order to guard your health and put your mind at ease. Avoid the anxieties and fears associated with sexual involvement.  Just say, “No”!! Avoid situations which may be dangerous and which put you under great pressure to have sex.  Look through other pages in this site which can help you choose abstinence and offer you help in maintaining an abstinent lifestyle. Risk-free, worry-free… THE CHOICE of the Thinking...

Condoms & STDs: 5 Studies

Five Studies 1. "Condom Use Is Still Baffling to Many" A recent survey reveals that a large percentage of sexually active young adults are not using condoms properly. Dr. Diane Civic, an epidemiologist at Group Health Cooperative in Seattle, and colleagues at the University of Washington and Duke University, studied 779 sexually active unmarried women ages 18- 24 who were recent condom users. The women were enrolled in two health maintenance centers run by Group Health. Forty-four percent (44%) of the women revealed that within the previous 3 months, they had waited too long for the condom to be applied. Nineteen percent (19%) reported the condom slipped or broke during intercourse, placing them at risk of disease and pregnancy. Among those for whom condoms were the main method of contraception, 59 percent (59%) waited until after initial penetration for the condom to be applied. The delay may have exposed them to viable sperm and infectious organisms, including HIV, in the pre- ejaculate fluids. “Other studies suggest this is a common practice,” Civic said. “We don’t know if women don’t understand the risk involved, or they’re willing to take the risk.” Impediments to effective condom use include embarrassment, not knowing how  to approach the subject, lack of preparedness, unanticipated sexual activity, and concerns about alienating or insulting a partner. [“Ineffective Use of Condoms Among Young Women in Managed Care,” journal AIDS Care (2002;14(6):779-788); Orange County Register, 1/22/03, by Jane E. Brody]          2. Safe Sex Myth Exposed by Scientific NIH 20July01 Report Condoms Do Not Prevent Most STDs There are 15 Million New STD Cases in the U.S. Each Year...

Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) & HIV/AIDS

The CDC released a REPORT ON NONOXYNOL-9 on 10 May 02, confirming that N-9 products do not prevent transmission of HIV/AIDS, chlamydia, or gonorrhea: “Most contraceptives do not protect against transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the use of some contraceptives containing nonoxynol-9 (N-9) might increase the risk for HIV sexual transmission… The 2002 STD treatment guidelines state that condoms lubricated with spermicides are no more effective than other lubricated condoms in protecting against the transmission of HIV infection and other STDs…In the future, purchase of condoms lubricated with N-9 is not recommended because of their increased cost, shorter shelf life, association with urinary tract infections in young women, and lack of apparent benefit compared with other lubricated condoms…In 1994, a total of 49% of all pregnancies were unintended. Furthermore, 26% of women experience an unintended pregnancy during the first year of typical use of spermicide products…N-9 alone is not an effective means to prevent infection with HIV or cervical gonorrhea and...

More Contraceptives Targeted At Teens

But Chastity Programs Gain Support in U.S. – Determined to reduce teen-age pregnancies, many governments promote contraceptives and abortive pills as the solution. Southern Wales is starting trials on the distribution of the “morning-after” pill to girls as young as 9 years old. [Independent, 14Feb01] The Bridgend area of south Wales has one of the highest teen-age pregnancy rates in Europe. Girls will now be able to request the morning-after pill, free of charge and without seeking parental permission. This announcement comes a month after the UK launched a national scheme whereby women over 16 can obtain morning-after pills, although they have to pay £20 ($29). Nurses in state schools in east Kent, Oxfordshire, Derbyshire and South Yorkshire are to dispense the pill to girls under the age of consent without their parents´ knowledge [Sunday Times 7Jan01]. Stuart Horner, professor of medical ethics at Central Lancashire University, is concerned not only about the ethics, but also the potential impact on health: “We are not talking about Smarties here, but significant doses of female hormone which can and does cause problems when it is administered. We do not know the long-term effects, particularly from regular use.” In Canada, too, authorities have approved the distribution of the morning-after pill without the need for a prescription. Saskatchewan is among the first provinces in Canada to make the pill known as Plan B available without a prescription [Globe and Mail, 1 Feb01] Since December, women in British Columbia have been able to get Plan B with the written approval of a pharmacist, and some areas of Toronto are expected to make it available...

Senator Bill Frist, M.D

Senator Bill Frist, M.D, awarded the Republican Senatorial Medal of Freedom Award to Dr. Allen and Leslee Unruh. Leslee is President of the National Abstinence Clearinghouse. Also, Dr. Unruh has accepted an appointment to the Presidential Inner Circle, an advisory board for the...

Physicians Support Miss America’s Abstinence Message

(Birmingham) – Calling pageant officials’ censorship of Miss America’s abstinence platform “outrageous,” The National Physicians Center for Family Resources (NPC) supports Miss America 2003, Erika Harold, as she encourages young people to abstain from sexual activity. “It is clear that delaying sexual involvement, preferably until marriage, is the healthiest lifestyle for adolescents, both physically and emotionally,” says NPC Medical Director, Dr. John Whiffen. “Ms. Harold should be commended for promoting a message of health to adolescents — not silenced.” The NPC applauds Ms. Harold for her commitment to health and supports her efforts to educate America’s youth about the health implications of early sexual involvement: * Research shows that early sexual involvement is associated with other health-risk behaviors, including youth violence, as well as the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. * According to a recent national survey, sixty-three percent of sexually active adolescents reported wishing they had waited longer before becoming sexually active and seventy-eight percent of all adolescents surveyed believed adolescents should not be sexually active. * Every day in the United States 8,000 adolescents contract a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Adolescents and young adults (15-24) are the age groups at the greatest risk for acquiring an STD. Approximately two-thirds of all people who acquire STDs are under 25. About 900,000 adolescents become pregnant each year. One-third of these end in abortion. Eighty-five percent of adolescent births are out-of-wedlock. As a positive role model for adolescents everywhere, Miss America should encourage abstinence from all health-risk behaviors, including sexual activity. This is a platform that supports both physical and emotional health. – # # # – The...