STDs, STIs, HIV – Archive

March 2005: STDs

America’s Health Burden from Sexual Activity As part of an analysis of the burden of disease and injury in the USA, researchers identified/quantified the incidence of adverse health events, deaths, and disability adjusted life years (DALY) attributed to sexual behavior. DALY is a number that combines into a single measurement the loss of healthy years of life from an illness and the years of life cut short by premature death from an illness. While total deaths caused by sexual behavior for both men and women were 29,782, the total cost in Disability Adjusted Life Years was more than 2 million… The study noted that its data “included more unsafe sex related conditions than were considered in previous analyses for the United States” including “hepatitis, infertility,” damage to men’s reproductive capabilities, “maternal conditions, and abortions.” This study is unique because it measures the health ramifications of sexual conduct by counting not only death and diseases but by examining other adverse health affects related to sex. In 1998, about 20 million such events (7532/100 000 people) and 29,782 such deaths (1.3% of all US deaths) occurred, contributing to 2,161 417 DALYs (6.2% of all US DALYs). Viral infections and their sequelae accounted for nearly all sexual behavior related deaths—mostly HIV/AIDS. Sexual behavior attributed DALYs in the USA are threefold higher than that in overall established market economies. “Measuring adverse outcomes of reproduction or sexual behaviour by counting deaths or diseases alone is inadequate for a proper understanding of the dimensions of the issue. Many such adverse outcomes occur at a young age leading to a large component of lifespan lived with...

Homosexual ‘Marriage’ a Health Risk, Doctors Warn Parliamentarians (2/05)

A group of physicians has presented to Canadian Parliamentarians scientific evidence that homosexual marriage is a health risk to Canadians. The heavily referenced brief titled “Gay Marriage and Homosexuality, Some Medical Comments” warns that the new law will result in the further normalization of homosexual sex which has already resulted in severe health risks and related costs to care for and treat persons affected by risky sexual behaviour. The document, signed by doctors in different disciplines from family medicine, dermatology and neurology, warns that anal sex as practiced by most gay men, has a large number of diseases associated with it, “many of which are rare or even unknown in the heterosexual population” such as: anal cancer, Chlamydia trachomatis, Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, Herpes simplex virus, HIV, Human papilloma virus, Isospora belli, Microsporidia, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and C and others. Doctors who spoke with LifeSiteNews.com also warn that this dangerous sexual practice has spread to the heterosexual community as well. “There is a significant increase in the risk of contracting HIV when engaging in anal sex,” the paper warns. It cites studies indicating that “Young homosexual men aged 15-22, who had anal sex had a fivefold increased risk of contracting HIV over those who never engaged in anal sex.” The brief notes also that “Over 70% of all AIDS diagnoses in Canada in adults over the age of 15 up to June 2004 were in homosexual men (13,019 out of 19,238).” The brief warns “Any attempts to legalize gay marriage should be aware of the link between homosexuality and pedophilia. While the majority of homosexuals are not involved in...

HIV/AIDS: Experts Now Say Abstinence and Fidelity Key to Stopping AIDS (11/04)

Just a few days away from the celebration of World AIDS Day 2004, the prestigious medical magazine The Lancet published a document signed by experts from 36 countries who for the first time recognize that abstinence and fidelity are key to stopping thespread of AIDS. The text is endorsed by 150 specialists and states that “the time has come to unite efforts to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV.” Uganda President Yoweri Museveni, representatives of the World Bank and of the Global Fund for Malaria, Tuberculosis and AIDS, and officials from five UN agencies are among the signers of the statement. The experts argue that HIV-AIDS has become a health and humanitarian crisis that requires urgent intervention, especially in areas where the disease is prevalent, such as Sub-Saharan Africa.[LONDON, England, November 29 (CNA); 29Nov04,Abstinence Clearinghouse...

February 2005: STDs

Resistant Gonorrhea on the Rise Rare Chlamydial STD Appearing in the USA   In Hawaii, the proportion of cases of gonorrhea that are resistant to Cipro increased nearly 7-fold 1997-2000 [medical journal Sexually Transmitted Diseases]: from less than 1.5% in 1996 to 6.3% in 1998 and 10.4% by 2000. Fluoro-quinolones “are no longer recommended treatment for gonorrhea infections acquired in Hawaii, Asia, or the Pacific Islands.” [Reuters Health, 12/30/04; Abstinence Clearinghouse, 5Jan05] RARE STD Health officials have issued a public warning about a potentially serious rare form of Chlamydia, LGV –  lymphogranuloma venereum that has been found in a few homosexual/bisexual patients in Atlanta, New York and San Francisco. Of the 6 cases of LGV identified so far in the US, most were co-infected with HIV. LGV increases the risk HIV because it causes ulcers and bleeding. The traditional LGV symptom is lymph node swelling in the groin; recent symptoms include rectal bleeding, pus from the rectum and pain on defecation. [Associated Press,...

AIDS in Uganda and China (11/04)

The UNAIDS 2004 report highlights the global and regional estimates on HIV/AIDS and new trends in the epidemic. “The prevalence is still rising in some countries such as Madagascar and Swaziland, and is declining nationwide in Uganda,” primarily because of that nation’s promotion of sexual abstinence and marital fidelity. According to the HIV/AIDS epidemic update report, the number of women living with HIV has risen in each region of the world over the past 2 years. “Women are increasingly affected, now making nearly half of the 37.2 million adults aged between 15 to 29 living with HIV/AIDS world wide, in sub-Saharan region, close to 60 per cent (13.3 million.”. An estimated 25 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. This region is the home to just over 10 percent of the world’s population. Meanwhile, the number of HIV/AIDS cases in China is increasing at a rapid rate of 40 percent a year, a health ministry official was cited as saying by the China Times. The official, who was not named, said China had become the second worst-hit country in Asia and the 14th in the world, the newspaper reported. Until now, official figure shows that China has an estimated 840,000 HIV/AIDS sufferers… The United Nations warned that China could have 10 million cases by 2010 if action is not taken. Since AIDS was first detected in China in 1985, an estimated 160,000 people have died. Many HIV/AIDS patients were infected by contaminated blood in illegal blood-selling operations in the 1980s and 1990s. Intravenous drug use, prostitution and ignorance about the disease are also cited as big problems...

Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS (12/04)

DIAGNOSES OF HIV/AIDS — 32 States, 2000-2003 – An estimated 850,000–950,000 persons in the USA are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), including 180,000–280,000 who do not know they are infected During 2000-2003, HIV/AIDS was diagnosed in 125,800 persons who resided in only 32 states. Of these persons, 35,241 (28.0%) were female. Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Notice that CA & NY were NOT included. [CDC, MMWR Weekly,...

AIDS and Hormones for Women (10/04)

“An experimental drug in the form of a vaginal gel is being tested on female monkeys to prevent the HIV virus from gaining access to the body. The drug works by preventing the virus from penetrating a woman’s cells. “In many parts of the world, the rise in HIV/AIDS is higher among women than men (60% in sub-Saharan Africa): one-half of adults with AIDS are now female whereas women comprised 41% of victims in 1997 [Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS]. “Researchers have tested the drug by giving monkeys a hormone to make them more vulnerable to HIV infections and then administering the experimental drug before exposing the monkeys to a high dose of the AIDS virus. The results were favorable, but it will be some time before the drug can be used on humans.” “Editor’s Comment: They gave the ‘monkeys a hormone to make them more vulnerable to HIV.’ This was progesterone, the key ingredient in [many] birth control pills, Depo-Provera, Norplant and other hormonal contraceptives, which we hank out to women in Africa by the tens of millions of doses. And we wonder why they contract AIDS. Also, bear in mind that most of these anti-HIV drugs are also spermicides, so they prevent pregnancy. If this is not the primary purpose for developing them, it is still an important selling point to the anti-natalists.” [AP, “Anti-HIV gel may protect women”, 14Oct04, www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6246226; Population Research Inst Review, Sept-Oct...

Depo Provera May Triple STD Risk (9/04)

Depo Provera Increases Chance of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Women who use the injected contraceptive Depo-Provera have a higher rate of sexually transmitted diseases, U.S. researchers [National Institutes of Health, UNC, and Johns Hopkins Univ in Baltimore] reported. This holds true even when behavior and other factors are taken into account. It is possible that Depo-Provera itself causes a susceptibility to STDs [Charles Morrison of Family Health Int’l in Research Triangle Park, N.C., who led the study]. “We did adjust for differences in condom use, differences in multiple partners, differences in the number of sexual coital acts,” Morrison said. Inner-city and younger women also had a higher risk of STDs, but using Depo-Provera added to the risk, the study found. Morrison said the researchers were especially concerned because Depo-Provera or its generic equivalent are being increasingly used in Africa, where STDs such as the AIDS virus are very common. He said women who use Depo-Provera to prevent pregnancy should take extra care if they are in relationships in which either they or their partner have sex with other people. Like birth control pills, Depo-Provera provides no protection from an infection such as syphilis, gonorrhea or the AIDS virus. “For sexually active women not in a mutually monogamous relationship, limiting the number of partners may also help to reduce the risk,” Morrison added. [Abstinence from all sexual activity would eliminate the risk, provided people also avoid IV drug use.] The researchers studied about 800 women age 15 to 45 using two clinics in the Baltimore area — one urban, serving mostly black women, and one suburban with a client base of white,...

How Common are Sexually Transmitted Infections (STD/STI) (5/04)

In 1996 the number of Americans with a new STI/year was estimated to be about 12 million. This number was recently revised to 18.9 million in 2000,1 a significant increase. Adolescents and young adults are disproportionately affected. Nearly half (48%) of new STI cases occur among 15- to 24-year-olds each year, although they comprise only one fourth of the sexually active population.1  Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the most commonly acquired STI, followed by trichomoniaisis & chlamydia. These three account for 88% of all new adolescent/young adult cases (15-24).1 STI Estimate –  Although it is difficult to know the exact number of new cases of various STIs each year (called incidence) or the total number of individuals with existing infections in the population (called prevalence), some estimates based on various studies are shown here. Note that HPV is the most common STI in terms of new cases each year. HPV is the primary cause of cervical cancer in women. Genital herpes (another viral infection), however, has the largest number of people infected in America—an astounding 45 million or more.  STI                  Incidence *                    Prevalence **    HPV                 5.5 million                           20 millionTrichomoniasis    5million                             unknownChlamydia          3 million                            2 millionGenital herpes     1 million                         45 millionGonorrhea        650,000                             unknownSyphilis             70,000                            unknownHepatitis B       120,000                              417,000 * Number of new infections occurring in the population in one year **  Number of infections found in the population including those from previous years 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tracking the hidden epidemics 2000: Trends in STDs in the United States. http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/od/news/RevBrochure1pdftoc.htm. [Accessed 1May04; 22Jul04, Medical Inst Advisory,...

STDs: More Women Infected with HIV/AIDS (7/04)

A generation ago, one in 10 of new AIDS patients in the United States was a woman. It’s now one in four. Worldwide, women made up nearly half of the adults living with HIV/AIDS in 2003, up from 41 percent in 1997. In sub-Saharan Africa – which has the world’s highest rates of HIV/AIDS with an estimated 25 million cases – there are, on average, 13 HIV-positive women for ever 10 HIV-positive men – up from 12 infected women for every 10 men in 2002.  In session after session at the XV International Conference here, delegates are coming to this conclusion: The biggest single cause of the gender epidemic is faithful women being infected by men who are injecting drugs and/or having sex with multiple other women or other men. [21 JUL04, Abst Clearinghouse; Argus Leader,...

HIV / AIDS Archive

AIDS IN AFRICA – Another study claims that "dominant organizations such as UNAIDS have grossly inflated the role of sexual activity in the spread of AIDS in Africa, consistently claiming that 90% of new cases are caused by sexual transmission. The new studies put the figure at 30%, and find that reusing unsterilized needles in vaccination and other medical programs is the main culprit in the spread of AIDS. Nearly 30 million Africans are infected with HIV, accounting for 70% of HIV/AIDS worldwide. [International Journal of STD and AIDS, 3/03; NCR, 4/20/03; HLA Action News, Spring 03] HOUSE PASSES GLOBAL AIDS BILL – $15 billion HIV/AIDS relief package 1May. An amendment by Rep. Pitts (R-PA) will give abstinence priority above condom distribution and Rep. Chris Smith's (R-NJ) amendment will protect faith-based organizations from participating in the condom aspects of the law. [http://www.family.org/cforum/fnif/news/a0025483.html; Abstinence Clearinghouse, 9Apr03]   USAID GIVES $50 MILLION TO PRO-PROSTITUTION, PRO-ABORTION GROUPS – Members of Congress have charged that, as part of a new HIV/AIDS program, the US Agency for Int’l Dev’t (USAID) has awarded a $50 million grant to groups that call for the promotion of abortion, the legalization of needle-exchange programs and the legalization of prostitution. The grant is part of USAID's new CORE program, which is supposed to bring faith-based organizations into the fight against AIDS. The five grantees are CARE, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs (CCP), the Int’l HIV/AIDS Alliance, the Int’l Center for Research on Women (ICRW), and the World Council of Churches (WCC). The Int’l HIV/AIDS Alliance calls for the repeal of laws prohibiting...

STDs – Archives

LEADING CONTRIBUTORS TO DEATH & DISABILITY WORLDWIDE IN 1999 Findings: 1) "unsafe" sexual behavior is the 3rd greatest contributor to worldwide death & disability 2) HIV and other STDs were the 2nd and 18th leading causes of worldwide death and disability, respectively. The high toll of HIV and other STDs in terms of loss of life & disability requires that we redouble our efforts to educate people about the risks of nonmarital sexual activity & the importance of monogamy within marriage. [[JAMA 2001;285:535-539, Michaud et al, "Burden of Disease: Implications for Future Research"; MISH, 21Feb01] HPV VIRUS MAY CONTRIBUTE TO ESOPHAGEAL CANCER – Certain strains of the wart-causing human papilloma virus may raise the risk of esophageal cancer [Abstinence E-mail Update, 31Oct02] www.abstinence.net/ArticleDetail.cfm?388 TOM COBURN, M.D., former OK congressman and practicing OBG is co-chairman of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA). Dr. Louis W. Sullivan, HHS Secretary in the first Bush administration, will be the other chairman. (Joe McIlhaney, Jr, M.D., President of The Medical Institute for Sexual Health, will also serve on PACHA.) Dr. Coburn is a critic of CDC programs and "an unabashed supporter of sexual abstinence outside marriage". [Washington Times, 23Jan02; Abstinence Network, Spring 02] Evertz, "openly gay director" of the White House Office of National AIDS Policy, is concerned about the Bush "conservative" AIDS advisory council and wants to form an ad hoc committee composed of people now working in AIDS prevention to "keep the AIDS policy office informed of what is going on in HIV prevention and care" Evertz said. [San Francisco Bay Area Reporter, 12Feb02; Abstinence Network, spring02] A STUDY OF BALTIMORE...

HPV Linked to Mouth Cancer (3/04)

HPV LINKED TO MOUTH CANCER Scientists have uncovered evidence that STD human papilloma virus (HPV), transmitted through oral contact can cause mouth cancer. Researchers had suspected that HPV, which is linked to ~95% of all Cervical Cancer could also be associated with tumors in the mouth. Now a study by researchers with the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France seems to have confirmed it. [Reuters Health, 2/25/04; Abstinence Clearinghouse...

Drug-Resistant HIV Strains Found In One Of Every 10 Newly Infected European Patients

Drug-Resistant HIV Strains Found In One Of Every 10 Newly Infected European Patients… according to a study released at the Int’l AIDS Society's 2nd Conference on HIV Pathogenesis/ Treatment in Paris. David van de Vijver of the University Med Ctr Utrecht in the Netherlands et al examined 1,633 HIV-positive patients from 17 European countries and found that nearly 10% of the newly infected patients were resistant to at least one anti-retroviral drug and 1.7% were resistant to 2 or more of the drugs   [Hirschler, Reuters, 7/16; Kasiernetwork.org; Abst Clearnghse,...