STDs / STIs

Fact Sheet: Gonorrhea – Neisseria Gonorrhoeae (Gonococcus)

Gonorrhea is a highly contagious sexually transmitted bacterial infection, sometimes referred to as the ‘clap’. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s latest tracking suggests that resistance went down between 2011 and 2013 to the antibiotic treatment cefixime for treating gonorrhea but it has started to climb back up in 2014. However, cefixime isn’t typically the first drug of choice for treating gonorrhea infections. The CDC’s most recent guidelines for gonorrhea treatment, issued in 2012, recommend only using cefixime when the preferred option — ceftriaxone-based combination therapy — isn’t available. However, this increase in resistance is of concern and indicates a need for ongoing vigilance in efficacy studies. Transmission Any sexually active person can get gonorrhea through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Gonorrhea spreads through semen or vaginal fluids during unprotected sexual contact, heterosexual or homosexual, with an infected partner including touching an infected body part with fingers. Gonorrhea can be passed from a mother to her baby at birth and most commonly affects the baby’s eyes. The infection is not spread from simple kissing, sharing towels, toilet seats, etc. The incubation period is 1-14 days. Symptoms Most women with gonorrhea have no symptoms, and when they do the symptoms are often mild and may be mistaken as a bladder or vaginal infection. However, they are at risk for developing serious complications if untreated. Symptoms can include: Painful or burning sensation during urination Increase in vaginal discharge; strong smelling, may be thin and watery or thick and yellow/green Vaginal bleeding between periods Possibly some low abdominal or pelvic tenderness/pain, sometimes with nausea Men may also show no...

2014: STDs / STIs / HIV

Medical Institute for Sexual Health Package for Parents … Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance – How Did the US Population Fare in 2012? The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently released the report Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance, 2012,1 an annual update of sexually transmitted disease (STD) statistics and trends in the US. This report includes the rates and trends of STD data in the US through 2012. Chlamydia continues to be the most commonly reported bacterial STD in the US with 1.4 million new cases [annually]. In the last two decades, rates of chlamydia infection have increased significantly. Most of this increase have been attributed to improved screening and diagnostic tests. However, a true increase in infection prevalence is probably responsible for part of the rise as well. It is important to note that chlamydia infection does not cause symptoms in most people, and many infections are never diagnosed or reported. Young people aged 15-24 years continue to have the highest rate of this infection accounting for 70% of all new cases of chlamydia in 2012.1 Certain racial/ethnic groups continue to be disproportionately affected by this infection, with rates among blacks and Hispanics being about 7 times and 2 times the rate of chlamydia infection in non-Hispanic whites, respectively. Gonorrhea, the second most commonly reported bacterial STD in the US also recorded more new cases in 2012. Rates of gonorrhea infection have shown a steady but sustained increase every year since 2009. This was after rates had fallen remarkably for over two decades. Unfortunately, there now seems to be an emerging resurgence of this infection which may be...

CDC: Homosexual Men Account for 61% of New HIV Infections but Only 2% of U.S. POP, 2006-2009 (8/11)

CDC: Homosexual Men Account for 61% of New HIV Infections but Only 2% of U.S. Population The U.S. Centers for Disease Control has estimated that homosexual men account for 61% of the new HIV infections in the United States while they only amount to about 2% of the country’s population. Earlier this month, the CDC released estimates for HIV infections from 2006-2009 showing that new infections remained stable at around 50,000 for each of the four years. Homosexual men accounted for 29,300 of the estimated 48,100 new infections in 2009, and homosexual men aged 13 to 29 accounted for 27% of the new cases. The only group in which new HIV infections is increasing, they say, is young homosexual men – driven by an alarming increase in infections from African Americans.  They estimated that the new infections among young black homosexual men increased 48 percent in the period of 2006-2009 (from 4,400 HIV infections in 2006 to 6,500 infections in 2009). The study also revealed that almost 20% of homosexual men have HIV, while nearly half of those who do are unaware of it. For more information visit the CDC website here — http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/HIVIncidencePressRelease.html ("New multi-year data show annual HIV infections in U.S. relatively stable: Alarming increase among young, black gay and bisexual men requires urgent action") [Aug 18, 2011, Patrick Craine, WASHINGTON, D.C.,...

STDs – esp Herpes II — Associated with Prostate Cancer (EBP Study, 2009)

Sexually Transmitted Infections, especially Herpes II, and Prostate Cancer among Men in the U.S. Military a statistically significant association between prostate cancer and serologic evidence of HSV-2 infection was detected in the earlier sample (odds ratio, 1.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.44). The strength of this association increased when analyses were restricted to sera collected at least 60 months before diagnosis (odds ratio, 2.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-3.29; 204 pairs). If this association is causal, then our findings would suggest a long latency period for prostate cancer development after HSV-2 infection…   Abstract Studies of self-reported sexually transmitted infections (STI) suggesting an association with prostate cancer may reflect underreporting of such infections among nondiseased subjects. To reduce such bias, we studied archived sera in a cohort of U.S. military personnel known to have high rates of both STIs and prostate cancer. Using a nested case-control design, serum samples from 534 men who served on active duty between September 1, 1993 and September 1, 2003 were examined. Controls were individually matched to cases based on date of serum collection, date of birth, branch of service, military rank, marital status, and race. Each of the 267 case-control pairs had two serum samples: a recent serum sample, taken ∼1 year before the case's prostate cancer diagnosis, and an earlier serum sample, taken ∼8 years before diagnosis. Each serum specimen was studied for antibodies against human papillomavirus, herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), and Chlamydia trachomatis. Logistic regression accounted for matching and potential confounding factors. Study data indicated no association between prostate cancer and serologic evidence of infections just before the reference date. However, a statistically...

November – September 2009: AIDS & STDs

At Our Throats: HPV and Tonsil Cancer Common STD ("STI") Associated with Aggressive Prostate Cancer in Men — Calling this a Sexually Transmitted "Infection" to Make is Sound Less Dangerous May NOT Be Such a Good Idea… HIV Vaccine: Hope or Hype? HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects Hispanics in the US AIDS Prevention Expert Publicly Re-Affirms that 3/09 Comment on Condom Failure Was Correct: "The condom does not prevent AIDS"… "Only responsible sexual behavior can address the pandemic" Interview with Edward Green on AIDS Prevention in Africa… HPV AND TONSIL CANCER The research of an Ohio oncologist, Maura Gillison, is confirming early data showing the annual increases in tonsil cancer among younger patients are due, at least in part, to HPV infection. Changes in sexual behavior during recent decades have probably encouraged the spread of the formerly-rare virus. One HPV strain—transmitted mostly through oral sex and French kissing—suppresses anti-cancer genes, allowing tumor growth in the exposed tissue. At Our Throats A new form of tonsil cancer is spreading rapidly. The cause isn't smoking and drinking but a virus.Oncologist Maura Gillison was looking for patients with tonsil cancer for a clinical study several years ago. The first enlisted was a malpractice lawyer, followed by a doctor, then a scientist. She joked to a colleague that all she needed was a rear admiral. In walked a member of the military brass. All were in their 30s, 40s and 50s. People in their prime didn't used to get throat tumors. Head-and-neck cancer, as doctors call it, was a disease of older problem drinkers who also chain-smoked (more men than women). Years of exposure to...

54% of U.S. HIV Infections Caused by Homosexual Activity Among Men, 13-29 (6/09)

54% of U.S. HIV Infections Caused by Homosexual Activity Among Men, 13-29.  The U.S. Center for Disease Control has issued a fact sheet which says that 54% of HIV infections among males, aged 13-29, were caused by homosexual contact in 2006. This is opposed to 34% of infections caused by heterosexual contact in the same demographic. “From 2001 through 2006, male-to-male sex was the largest HIV transmission category in the United States and the only one associated with an increasing number of HIV/AIDS diagnoses,” the fact sheet said. The article further states that 77% of HIV positive homosexual men between the ages of 15 and 29 do not know that they are infected. The demographic of young adult homosexual males between the ages of 13 and 29 is the only noticeably growing demographic in terms of HIV infection. The other age demographics seem reasonably stable in comparison says the CDC. CDC Fact Sheet: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/sexualbehaviors/pdf/hiv_factsheet_ymsm.pdf Related: Study: HIV-positive Practicing Homosexual Men 9000% More Likely to Develop Anal Cancer http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2007/mar/07032205.html California Homosexual Organization Admits HIV/AIDS is "Gay Disease" http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2006/oct/06100404.html HIV/AIDS Rates Rise Sharply in Canada: 51% of Infections Among Homosexual Men http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2006/aug/06080305.html [18June09,  Alex Bush,...

July – January 2009: STDs

Clinic-Based Testing for Rectal and Pharyngeal Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis Infections by Community-Based Organizations — Five Cities, United States, 2007 Herpes Rates Among Young Adults Aged 20-29 Years Researchers Suspect Oral Sex to Blame for Rise in Tonsil Cancer Primary & Secondary Syphilis in AL in Heterosexuals / CDC Report Warns Syphilis is Still Ravaging the Homosexual Community… Clinic-Based Testing for Rectal and Pharyngeal Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis Infections by Community-Based Organizations — Five Cities, United States, 2007 CDC recommends screening of at-risk men who have sex with men (MSM) at least annually for urethral and rectal gonorrhea and chlamydia, and for pharyngeal gonorrhea (1)…To determine sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing practices among community-based organizations serving MSM, CDC and the San Francisco Department of Public Health gathered data on rectal and pharyngeal gonorrhea and chlamydia testing at screening sites managed by six gay-focused community-based organizations in five U.S. cities during 2007…In total, approximately 30,000 tests were performed; 5.4% of rectal gonorrhea, 8.9% of rectal chlamydia, 5.3% of pharyngeal gonorrhea, and 1.6% of pharyngeal chlamydia tests were positive. These results demonstrate that gay-focused community-based organizations can detect large numbers of gonorrhea and chlamydia cases and might reach MSM not being tested elsewhere… During April 2008, the 10 U.S. cities with the highest estimated number of gay, lesbian, or bisexual residents were identified (5). Gay-focused community-based organizations in each city that provide rectal and pharyngeal gonorrhea and chlamydia testing to MSM were identified through community leaders and Internet searches… Data for 2007 were collected during April–July 2008… Organizations that used NAA testing generally had higher rates of positivity than...

October – June 2008: HIV & Other STDs

NEW! CDC: 2006 Disease Profile (Oct 08) One in Four People in New York City Have Herpes Virus HPV Possibly Linked to Lung Cancer Gum Disease & HPV —  a Double Whammy CDC: Trends in HIV and STD-Related Risk Behaviors Among High School Students — USA, 1991-2007 AIDS Dot Maps CDC Understated Number of New HIV Infections in USA…     CDC: 2006 DISEASE PROFILE The CDC’s 2006 Disease Profile outlines the latest data (2006) for HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, STDs, and TB and highlights the interrelationships observed between diseases and populations in the United States. Based on CDC research, this report provides clear, easy-to-use information for presentations, curricula, and research citations. For this 72 page report, go to http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/Publications/docs/2006_Disease_Profile_508_FINAL.pdf [8 Oct 08, abstinence.net]     CDC: TRENDS IN HIV AND STD-RELATED RISK BEHAVIORS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS–UNITED STATES, 1991-2007.  This report summarizes the results of analysis of data from YRBS, which indicated that, during 1991–2007,the percentage of U.S. high school students who ever had sexual intercourse decreased 12%, the percentage who had sexual intercourse with four or more persons during their lifetime decreased 20%, and the percentage who were currently sexually active decreased 7% … In addition, no changes were detected in the prevalence of sexual risk behaviors from 2005 to 2007, and many students still engaged in behaviors that place them at risk for HIV infection and STDs. Additional efforts to reduce sexual risk behaviors, particularly among black, Hispanic, and male students, must be implemented to meet the Healthy People 2010 national health objective for adolescent sexual behaviors (objective no. 25-11) (2) and to decrease rates of HIV...

April – March 2008: AIDS

Another ANTI-HIV Microbicide Fails the Test No AIDS Vaccine on the Horizon AIDS in Africa: Abstinence Works AIDS Rates in Northern Ireland Up By 300%… ANOTHER ANTI-HIV MICROBICIDE BITES THE DUST. That’s according to disappointed researchers who had hoped that Carraguard would reduce infection rates for over 6,000 South African women. The good news, at least for the test subjects, was that unlike two prior microbicide creams, this one does not increase the likelihood that the woman would catch AIDS from her partner. Real behavior change works. So far, creams don’t. [“Cream to prevent HIV safe, but not effective-study,” Reuters, 02-18-08, http://www.reuters.com/article/asiaCrisis/idUSN17618577; abstinence.net, 18Feb08]     NO AIDS VACCINE ON HORIZON. According to Professor David Baltimore, president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, researchers are, regrettably, no closer to an HIV vaccine today than they were when the effort began twenty years ago. "I believe that HIV has found ways to totally fool the immune system,” the Nobel Prize winner told the annual AAAS meeting in Boston. Baltimore. [“HIV vaccine research hits impasse,” BBC, 2-15-08, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7246117.stm; Abstinence Clearinghouse, 26Feb08]   AIDS in Africa: Abstinence Works – Interview With Expert Matthew Hanley http://www.zenit.org/article-21909?l=english   AIDS Rates in Northern Ireland Up By 300%...

February 2008: STDs and Condoms

Condom Debate "Hijacked" and Drifting from "Evidence Based" Science – The British Medical Journal is running a pair of articles offering two opposed views on the question, "Are condoms the answer to rising rates of non-HIV sexually transmitted infections?" The idea that condoms are the first, last and usually only recommended protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is one of the most widely accepted in the field of public health. But the message of the life and family movement that abstinence before marriage and chaste fidelity within are the only sure means of avoiding STDs is starting to be heard… Drs Markus J Steiner and Willard Cates, of Family Health International, of North Carolina and Dr. Stephen Genuis [associate clinical professor at the University of Alberta] have written on either side of the issue. The former, Drs. Steiner and Cates argue that condoms "can and should play a central role in halting the rising rates of sexually transmitted infection other than HIV". Dr. Stephen Genuis, however, warns that the debate has been "highjacked" by an argument between two "mutually exclusive perspectives on sexual morality" and has moved away from "evidence based" science. On the one hand, Genuis writes, those promoting "safe sex (or safer sex) are accused of corrupting youth with amoral values", while their "opponents are perceived as zealots who disregard scientific fact in imposing their fanaticism on society". The idea that condoms are the first, last and usually only recommended protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is one of the most widely accepted in the field of public health. But the message of the life and family...

November 2007: STDs / AIDS

NEW! AIDS in Africa – MORE Good News: AIDS Epidemic Overestimated Ugandan AIDS Activist's Facts Invalidate UN Official Claim HIV/ AIDS Among Hispanics…  UN Finally Admits Worldwide AIDS Epidemic Greatly Overestimated: UNAIDS estimates now much lower but AIDS scientist says new figures still too high. As reported by LifeSiteNews at the beginning of November, the number of AIDS cases worldwide has been grossly exaggerated by the UN Joint Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). This exaggeration was seen to benefit the massive AIDS industry's constant demands for large funds. See LifeSiteNews.com stories here: Scientists Acknowledge AIDS Crisis is Distorted and Overblown – Part I (http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2007/nov/07110101.html) and Part II (http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2007/nov/071102.html). Now the UN has been forced to admit there has been a major problem with its numbers. [Comment: The United Nations has thankfully been forced to admit that its AIDS statistics have been greatly exaggerated. More important is that the UN must now be encouraged, in the light of the revelations of this debacle, and it can at the very least be called that, to admit its condom strategy has also been very wrong – and deadly. As the whistleblowing international AIDS scientists have emphasized, behaviour change, not condom programs, has been the greatest factor associated with dramatic declines in the AIDS rates of certain African nations. But, there is no money to be made, personal empires to build or sexual revolutions to cause with abstinence. As well, abstinence programs have a tendency to strengthen marriage and family life, the bane of de-populationists. These are all keys to understanding the problem.LifeSiteNews.com, 20Nov07] On Tuesday, a UNAIDS annual report admitted the the world...

CDC:STDs Among U.S. Youth in 2000 (last stats released)

1           SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG U.S. YOUNG PEOPLE BETWEEN THE AGES 15 AND 24 — Of the estimated 18.9 million new STD cases in 2000, 9.1 million (48 percent) were among 15- to 24-year-olds. Year 2000 statistics for the most common STDs: Chlamydia Total reported – 702,093 15 – 24 age group – 439,041 (74% of total) Gonorrhea (est) Total infections – 718,000 15 – 24 age group – 431,000 (60% of total) Syphilis Total reported – 15,449  15 – 24 age group – 3,399 (22% of total) Genital Herpes (est.) Total infections – 1.6 million 15 – 24 age group – 640,000 (40% of total) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (est.) Total infections – 6.2 million  15 – 24 age group – 4.6 million  (74% of total) Hepatitis B (est.) Total infections – 81,000  15 – 24 age group – 15,000 (18.5% of total) Trichomoniasis (est.) Total infections – 7.4 million 15 – 24 age group – 1.9 million (25% of total) HIV (est.) Total infections – 40,000 15 – 24 age group – 20,000 (50% of total) [CDC, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2000, Atlanta, CDC, 2001; CitizenLink 27Feb04]...

American Youth STD Cases Soar

1           YOUTH STD CASES SOAR — 1 of every 2 sexually active young people can expect to become infected by age 25. Young women are more at risk than young men because the infections can “silently” hide in the female reproductive tract, according to the study. [School of Journalism and Mass Communication at the UNC, Chapel Hill Washington Times, 2/25/04]...