Cytomegalovirus (CMV) — A herpes infection that causes serious illness in people with AIDS. CMV can develop in any part of the body but most often appears in the retina of the eye, the nervous system, the colon or the esophagus.
In pregnant women, a mononucleosis-like symptom may occur. May be spread to pregnant mother through saliva from small children. Frequent careful washing of her hands may help the pregnant woman avoid infection. Infection could cause permanent damage to the unborn child [CDC, 2008].
CMV can also be spread through sexual activity (STD/ STI).
[American Social Health Association, http://www.ashastd.org/learn/learn_glossary_A_D.cfm]