Reasons for Abstinence

Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) & HIV/AIDS

The CDC released a REPORT ON NONOXYNOL-9 on 10 May 02, confirming that N-9 products do not prevent transmission of HIV/AIDS, chlamydia, or gonorrhea: “Most contraceptives do not protect against transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the use of some contraceptives containing nonoxynol-9 (N-9) might increase the risk for HIV sexual transmission… The 2002 STD treatment guidelines state that condoms lubricated with spermicides are no more effective than other lubricated condoms in protecting against the transmission of HIV infection and other STDs…In the future, purchase of condoms lubricated with N-9 is not recommended because of their increased cost, shorter shelf life, association with urinary tract infections in young women, and lack of apparent benefit compared with other lubricated condoms…In 1994, a total of 49% of all pregnancies were unintended. Furthermore, 26% of women experience an unintended pregnancy during the first year of typical use of spermicide products…N-9 alone is not an effective means to prevent infection with HIV or cervical gonorrhea and chlamydia…”