STDs - Definitions / History / Statistics / Studies

General STD Info: Everything You Really Don't Want to Know

IT IS TRUE that when two people have sexual intercourse, they are having intercourse with everyone with whom they both have ever had intercourse in the past. 

They both bring all their acquired diseases with them. 

This is because many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have no symptoms and are very difficult, if not impossible, to cure.

In addition, more babies are born with birth defects from STDs than all the children stricken with polio in the 1950s.  (Hager H. Gayle, MD, MPH, Dir. CDC Center for HIV/STD, 1/98)

There are over 50 known STDs at this time. The most commonly occurring STDs are: (1) Chlamydial infection, (2) Human Papilloma Virus infection, HPV (causes genital warts, Condylomata acuminata), (3) Gonorrheal infection, (4) Herpes Simplex Type II infection, HSV (5) Syphilis, (6) Trichomonas, (7) Hepatitis B, HBV, and (8) HIV/AIDS.

Approximately 41,000-51,000 Americans are infected with an STD/STI each day.

Two-thirds of all STDs/STIs infect Americans under 25 years of age.

The CDC report that STDs infect three million teens each year. This number may be higher since many cases of STDs among teens go unreported; 80 percent of people infected with STDs have no symptoms and they may not realize they are infected (Safe Sex, J. McIlhaney, MD).

 

Progress of STDs

  • 1960. The only STDs were syphilis and gonorrhea
    There is more syphilis in the USA now than since World War II.
  • 1976. Chlamydia was recognized
  • 1981. AIDS was identified

1960. The only STDs were syphilis and gonorrhea
There is more syphilis in the USA now than since World War II.

  • 1976. Chlamydia was recognized
  • 1981. AIDS was identified
  • Presently, there are 20-50 recognized types of STDs.

    18,900,000 Americans become newly infected with STDs each year.
    One of 5 Americans in the 15-55 age group is infected with viral STDs.

    The presence of STDs are the most frequent reason why women see their gynecologists.
    At least 70%-80% of all Americans infected with STDs have NO symptoms or indications that they have an STD infection.

    Are Condoms Effective?

    • Condoms do not prevent pregnancy — they have a 25% failure rate; yet, pregnancy can only occur 2-3 days each month.
    • Condoms do not protect against HPV or other STDs.
    • In a recent one-year study, condoms had a 31% failure rate in preventing the transmission of HIV.

    WOULD YOU SAVE SEX FOR SAFE SEX IN MARRIAGE??

    [adapted from "Sexual Health in the '90s" by Joe McIlhaney, M.D., Gynecologist and Infertiliyt Specialist, and founder of The Medical Institute for Sexual Health]

    Safety in sexual activity is assured only by a faithful, life-long monogamous relationship between two people [i.e. marriage] without previous premarital sexual exposure.

    It is important to understand that if a person is not having sex (any type of sexual contact) and not using IV drugs, he/she has virtually ELIMINATED  ANY chance of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease.    

    On the other hand, it is important to understand that any type of sexual contact, including oral sex, can transmit STDs from an infected person to an uninfected person.  

    For example, HPV, which causes genital warts and is present in about 99% of all cases of cervical cancer worldwide, is transmitted by skin-to-skin contact.  

    Condoms are recognized to be useless against the HPV disease.  Warts are also being seen more frequently in the throat and can block the throat area if left untreated. 

    Approximately 5.5 million Americans are infected with HPV each year and a large proportion of these HPV infections are to teens.

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are on the increase in the U.S. and many are at epidemic proportions.

    Many of these diseases can seriously damage the infected person physically forever. 

    People who have one STD generally have acquired more than one and they have also dramatically increased their chances of acquiring HIV (AIDS).

    Also… 

    STDs can be acquired through oral sex.

    For more medical information regarding STDs and oral sex, go to

    http://www.medinstitute.org/medical/updates/Spring%202003.pdf

     

    The only certain way to avoid contracting STDs is to avoid sexual intercourse (& needles), and all other forms of sexual contact, outside marriage…

    The Sexually Transmitted Disease rate among teenagers and young adults is increasing.

    The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) report that two-thirds of all STD cases occur among persons under 25 years of age (Hidden Epidemic, 1996). 

    More than 3 million American teens acquire an STD each year, according to the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS). 

    That means one in 4 sexually active people between ages 15 and 19 gets infected with at least one STD every year.

    Many of these diseases cause long-term, adverse effects in both males and females. Women's health and future ability to bear children can be jeopardized. 

    Teens compose 10 percent of the population, but contract 25 percent of the STDs each year (MISH, 7/97). 

    Teens are considered one of the age groups at highest risk for hepatitis B and human papilloma virus (HPV). Among the largest number of deaths related to STDs other than HIV are those due to cervical and other HPV-related cancers; chronic liver disease and liver cancer caused by hepatitis B virus; PID and ectopic (tubal) pregnancy; and various complications of pregnancy (Eng & Butler, 1997).".

    STDs play a major role in ectopic pregnancies and infertility.  

    According to the CDC, 9% of all pregnancy-related maternal deaths in the U.S. are caused by ectopic (tubal) pregnancies; many tubal pregnancies result from STD infections, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea.

    Between 100,000 and 150,000 American women become infertile (unable to ever bear children) each year because of STD-related infections [American Social Health Association, 1994; CDC, 1994 Annual Report]. 

    At least 15 percent of all American women who are infertile can attribute it to tubal damage caused by pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) , the result of an untreated STD. [Ness RB et al. (2004). Condom use and the risk of recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, or infertility following an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease. American Journal of Public Health, 2004, 94:1327-1329.]http://www.ashastd.org/learn/learn_statistics.cfm