Percentage of Children and Adolescents Aged 5–17 Years with Diagnosed Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Adolescents Aged 5–17 Years with Diagnosed Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), by Race and Hispanic Ethnicity — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 1997–2014 From 1997–1999 to 2012–2014, the percentage of all children aged 5–17 years with diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increased significantly from 7.0% to 10.2%, and so did the prevalence among non-Hispanic white children (8.4% to 12.5%), non-Hispanic black children (5.5% to 9.6%), and Hispanic children (3.8% to 6.4%). Throughout 1997–2014, Hispanic children were the least likely to have diagnosed ADHD. [National Center for Health Statistics, CDC. National Health Interview Survey. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm. 28 Aug 2015, Patricia Pastor, PhD, Catherine Duran, Cynthia Reuben, MA. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015;64:925, http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6433a11.htm?s_cid=mm6433a11_e...

Maternal Lifestyle Factors in ADHD Pregnancy Risk / NK Cells Needed for Successful Pregnancy (2012)

Maternal Lifestyle Factors in Pregnancy Risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Associated Behaviors: Review of the Current Evidence (2003)   Expression of Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1β in Human Endometrium: Its Role in Endometrial Recruitment of NK Cells "…The optimal increase of these NK cells at the implantation period is thus essential for successful pregnancy…"  …         Maternal Lifestyle Factors in Pregnancy Risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Associated Behaviors: Review of the Current Evidence (2003)  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to examine the literature assessing the relationship between prenatal exposure to nicotine, alcohol, caffeine, and psychosocial stress during pregnancy to the risk of developing behavioral problems related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood. METHOD: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched systematically. Studies using DSM diagnostic criteria and other validated diagnostic or screening instruments for ADHD and those examining ADHD symptoms were included. A narrative approach was used because the studies differed too much in methods and data sources to permit a quantitative meta-analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies on nicotine (tobacco smoking), nine on alcohol, one on caffeine, and five on psychosocial stress were identified. All were published between 1973 and 2002. In spite of inconsistencies, the studies on nicotine indicated a greater risk of ADHD-related disorders among children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy. Contradictory findings were reported in the alcohol studies, and no conclusion could be reached on the basis of the caffeine study. Results from studies on psychological stress during pregnancy were inconsistent but indicated a possible modest contribution to ADHD symptoms in the offspring. Many studies...

Preterm Birth & Risk to Babies

Newborn babies should weigh NOT LESS than 5.5 pounds. Births with LOW Birth Weight as Percent of All Births: Alabama 10.6% USA 8.2%     A Full-Term Pregnancy normally lasts 40 weeks. Every week — even every day — that this full-term pregnancy is shortened, can have negative effects on the baby. Here are just a few of the SERIOUS RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH PRE-TERM BIRTH: admission to newborn ICU / hospital re-admission / respiratory problems / sepsis / jaundice / feeding & sucking problems / temperature regulation problems / brain injuries, i.e. cerebral palsy / school problems / behavior problems, i.e. ADHD / obesity & reduced insulin sensitivity In Alabama, Non-Hispanic Blacks are 46% more likely to have preterm births than whites – they also abort at 3 TIMES the rate of whites (almost 60% of all abortions in AL are procured by Black women)… Does anyone see a connection here? Abortion can dramatically increase the risk of preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies… over 125 published studies worldwide show this abortion-preterm birth link…   In conclusion, 2 simple steps should DRAMATICALLY DECREASE PRETERM BIRTHS  —   & THUS DECREASE SERIOUS RISKS TO BABIES: 1) For elective births, let the baby begin the labor/birth process, normally at 40 weeks — it's Worth the Weight to Wait!! 2) Avoid Abortion to avoid compromising the mother's (your) cervix … this will protect against unplanned preterm labor and preterm birth in future pregnancies.   ELECTIVE DELIVERY SHOULD BE ELECTIVE FOR THE BABY!! LET THE BABY START LABOR… "39 Weeks …&...

Folate Levels in Pregnancy Tied to ADHD in Offspring: Prenatal Nutrition Important (JCPP, Oct 09)

Folate Levels in Pregnancy Tied to ADHD in Offspring: Prenatal nutrition seems to affect child's nervous system, brain growth, researchers say  Low folate levels during pregnancy are associated with higher odds for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in offspring aged 7 to 9, new research has found. The findings seem to support the long-held belief that folate (folic acid) levels in expectant mothers influence their children's nervous system development. The researchers also found that children of mothers with low folate levels had notably smaller head circumference at birth, which may indicate a slower rate of prenatal brain growth. The study was released online Oct. 28 in advance of publication in an upcoming print issue of the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. "Our findings further support the hypothesis that maternal nutrition contributes to an individual's development, with potential consequences for their behavior later in life," study author Wolff Schlotz said in a news release from the journal's publisher. The results are special cause for concern in relation to low-income families, where a mother's nutritional health receives a low priority, and women are less likely to take folic acid supplements prior to becoming pregnant. 28Oct09, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, news release; Medline Plus, HealthDay News; Robert Preidt, 3November 2009,...