Suicides After Pregnancy In Finland, 1987-1994: Register Linkage Study (BMJ,1996) (other studies)

This is a record-based study… "This study was an attempt to document suicides taking place within a year after the end of pregnancy. A review of registry data covering all deaths of Finnish women of childbearing age in the years 1987 to 1994 yielded 73 suicides associated with pregnancy…Suicide was most likely in the first 2 postpartum months. The risk was highest for women of 35 to 39 years of age…As in the general population, more than 80 percent of abortions followed by suicide were elected for social reasons. "Women committing suicide were more likely than their counterparts in the general population to be single (19 percent vs. 6 percent) and divorced (7 percent vs. 1 percent)… "The suicide rate associated with birth was 5.9 percent; the rates associated with miscarriage and induced abortion in the population study were 18.1 percent and 34 percent, respectively. …The data suggest that miscarriage is not as important a risk factor as induced abortion, but is clearly more important than birth (Brit Medical Jour 1996; 313:1431). "Among women who committed suicide after an abortion, the lower social classes were over-represented. Suicide, mental disease, life events, social class, and social support interact in very complex ways. "The present findings clearly show, however, that women having an abortion are at increased risk of committing suicide…We need to heighten our awareness that depression can and does occur after spontaneous or induced abortion, fetal or neonatal death, or normal pregnancy…  "In the United States…in 1991, suicide was the fourth leading cause of death among all women in the 15 to 24 years age group and the sixth...

Abortion Deadlier For Women Than Childbirth (STAKES,1997)

FINISH STUDY SHOWS ABORTION DEADLIER FOR WOMEN THAN CHILDBIRTH — The study results were released in 1997 by STAKES, the statistical analysis unit of Finland's National Research and Development Center for Welfare and Health, but are only now attracting attention in the USA. These studies are all based on computerized  medical records, i.e., they depend on written records rather than potentially erroneous patient interview material: References: Gissler, M, et.al., “Pregnancy associated deaths in Finland 1987-1994, Acta Obsetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 76:651-657 (1997); Gissler, M., et.al.,,”Suicides after pregnancy in Finland: 1987-1994: register linkage study.  British Medical Journal 313:1431-34, (1996); Summarized in The Post-Abortion Review, Vol 8, No. 2, April-June 2000, from Elliot Institute, PO Box 7348, Springfield, IL 62791: Examines records of all women ages 15 to 49 who died in Finland from 1987 to 1994, includes in the study those who died within 1 year of their last pregnancy event: 281 deaths. Of these 281 women dying within 1 year of  pregnancy event (ie, liveborn delivery, stillborn, miscarriage, or induced abortion), 27% died by suicide, 20 % died due to “accident,” 5% died by homicide,  45% died due to “natural cause,” 3%”violent-unclear cause—either accident, suicide, or homicide..” These are compared to non-pregnant age matched women. For purposes of meaningful comparison, maternal deaths are expressed  as # of deaths/100,000, and are compared to similar age women who are not pregnant. The study involved maternal post-abortion deaths of 9,192 Finnish women, aged 15-49, during the period of 1987-1994. The researchers pulled death certificates and reproductive health records and then narrowed the study to women who had a pregnancy related event (birth, miscarriage,...